the First Vatican Council which was highly CONSERVATIVE and emphasized differences between ROMAN CATHOLICISM and PROTESTANT CHURCHES was held in Rome during 1869 and 1870 as the twentieth Ecumenical Council. The Council ended abruptly with the outbreak of war and the occupation of the City. The Second Vatican Council lasting from 1962 to 1965 was also held in Rome at the bidding of POPE John XXIII who attributed the idea to the inspiration of the HOLY SPIRIT. He defined its task as renewing the religious life of the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH and modernizing the teaching, discipline, and organization as a step towards unifying all CHRISTIANS. The far reaching decisions of the Council completely revolutionized the Roman Catholic Church, encouraging both the CHARISMATIC MOVEMENT and the Laity.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

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  • Vatican Council — • The twentieth and up to 1912, the last ecumenical council, opened on 8 December, 1869, and adjourned on 20 October, 1870 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Vatican Council     Vatican Council …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Vatican Council — Vatican Coun|cil, the either of two important series of meetings in the Roman Catholic Church, in which leading members of the church discussed questions of belief and practice. The First Vatican Council (1869 70) developed the idea that the Pope …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Vatican Council — Vat i*can Coun cil (R. C. Ch.) The council held under Pope Pius IX. in Vatican at Rome, in 1870, which promulgated the dogma of papal infallibility. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vatican Council — /vætɪkən ˈkaʊnsəl/ (say vatikuhn kownsuhl) noun 1. Also, Vatican I. First Vatican Council, the 20th Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church, held in Rome in 1869–70, best known for its decree affirming the doctrine of papal infallibility …  

  • Vatican Council — noun each of two councils of the Roman Catholic Church • Hypernyms: ↑council • Hyponyms: ↑First Vatican Council, ↑Vatican I, ↑Second Vatican Council, ↑Vatican II …   Useful english dictionary

  • Vatican Council — The First Vatican Council took place in 1869 1870 and was the 20th of ecumenical councils recognized by Roman Catholicism.The Second Vatican Council took place in the 1962 1965 and was the 21st …   Wikipedia

  • Vatican Council, Second —  ; Vatican Council II    This term refers to the ecumenical or general council of the Roman Catholic Church that was convened by Pope John XXIII (1958 1963) and continued under Pope Paul VI (1963 1978). Vatican Council II, which met from 1962 to… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • Vatican Council, First —  ; Vatican Council I    This term refers to the ecumenical or general council of the Roman Catholic Church that was convened by Pope Pius IX (1846 1878). Although the council, which met from 1869 to 1870, issued a constitution treating creation,… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • Vatican Council, Second — (1962–65) 21st ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic church, announced by Pope John XXIII. It has come to symbolize the church s readiness to acknowledge the circumstances of the modern world. Among the most notable of the 16 documents enacted …   Universalium

  • Vatican Council — the ecumenical council, convoked in Rome, 1869 70, by Pope Pius IX, that declared the dogma of papal infallibility. * * * …   Universalium

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